Low back pain: causes, diagnosis and treatment

Most of us are well aware of back pain. It is enough to spend a few minutes in an anxious situation, and anxious feelings do not leave for a long time. What causes back pain in the lower back? Today we will look at their causes, because often such a symptom is a signal of the development of a disease.

Determine the nature of the pain syndrome

causes of low back pain

Before studying the causes of low back pain, let's take a closer look at the classification of pain syndromes. As you know, there are several parts of the human spine, one of which is the waist. This area covers the area from the coccygeal part to the beginning of the ribs.

Pain syndromes in this spinal segment can also appear after sitting for a long time in a restless state or after strenuous physical activity. If the anxiety goes away immediately, there is no reason to worry. But what if the attacks of pain come back again and again, and over time, this condition prevents them from surviving and fully developing?

There is only one way out - contact a treatment specialist. If the pain is not related to the injury, the first consultation should be sent to a therapist. It will determine which specialist will help you. If trauma is a condition for the onset of pain, you can immediately consult a traumatologist.

Spinal cord pain syndromes can have a different nature:

  • whine;
  • binding;
  • shooting.

Experts divide all types of back pain into two broad categories:

  • primary;
  • secondary.

Early pain is diagnosed when pathology develops. This may be due to deformation of the articular or intervertebral tissue, ligaments or tendons.

Secondary pain syndrome occurs in the presence of previous injuries or the development of pathological processes associated with this or that disease, such as osteoporosis, osteochondrosis, a malignant or benign neoplasm.

Learn more about the causes of pain

Why does the spine hurt in the lumbar region

In medical practice, there are many different cases in which patients complain of back pain. It is practically impossible to diagnose the disease by visual examination, because in nature there are many reasons for the appearance of such symptoms.

Low back pain may be associated with the development of pathology of the spine or internal organs. Often, representatives of the beautiful half of humanity feel a pain in the lower back on the eve or during menstrual bleeding.

What are the causes of severe back pain? In fact, there are many of them and it will not be possible to compile a complete list. However, you can choose the main and most common causes of acute pain. These include:

  • protrusion of the intervertebral disc;
  • a hernia between spinal segments;
  • spondyloarthritis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • pathology of the urinary system, especially the presence of stones;
  • circulatory disorders in the spine;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • acute pyelonephritis;
  • non-characteristic development of inflammatory processes in the appendix;
  • stretch;
  • violation of the integrity of vertebral segments;
  • Pathological processes in the tissues of the hip joint.

If the pain syndrome is periodic, maybe we are talking about chronic pathologies. Chronic pain attacks in the lower back can be caused by the following factors:

  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • deformable spondylosis;
  • bone tissue diseases;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • development of neoplasms;
  • appearance of metastases;
  • scoliosis;
  • development of infectious processes in spinal segments (epidural abscess, brucellosis, etc. );
  • arthritis;
  • spondylitis;
  • tumor processes in the kidneys;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • Reiter's syndromes.
How to treat low back pain

In our daily lives, we usually face pain. This situation misleads the treating specialists, because the localization of pain does not correspond to the place where the pathology actually develops. Doctors call such pain radiation. There may be reasons for a similar syndrome in the lumbar spine:

  • pathology of the digestive tract;
  • diseases of the pancreas;
  • inflammatory or infectious processes in the small pelvic organs;
  • development of inflammation in the accessory part of the fairer sex;
  • oncological pathologies of the uterus;
  • gonorrhea;
  • renal colic;
  • ulcerative colitis;
  • prostatitis;
  • ovarian pathology;
  • Stone formation in the renal cavity.

Various causes can cause left back pain in the lower back. Often this localization of pain is determined by the course of inflammatory or infectious processes in the internal organs. If the pain syndrome affects both parts of the lumbar segment, it may indicate the development of the following diseases:

  • hepatitis;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • prostatitis;
  • inflammation of the adnexa;
  • appendicitis;
  • pneumonia.

Which doctor should I see?

As you know, the spine is the strongest support for our body. If the activity is violated, you should immediately contact the attending specialist. Which doctor should you see? If you are injured or have a severe bruise, you can safely consult a traumatologist. He is a doctor of this specialty engaged in treatment.

If back pain is the result of a disease and is the main symptom, contact your lead therapist first. The participating specialist will perform a large-scale examination and write the appropriate direction based on the results of ultrasound diagnostics and magnetic resonance imaging.

Depending on the cause of the onset of pain in the spine, the following specialists can be treated:

  • cardiologist;
  • midwife-gynecologist;
  • nephrologist;
  • pulmonologist;
  • orthopedist;
  • gastroenterologist;
  • infection specialist.

Before starting a course of treatment, the doctor should take all measures to relieve pain and alleviate the patient's condition. To begin, a person is advised to change the mattress, take antispasmodic or analgesic pharmacological drugs, and do gentle gymnastics.

Treatment of the disease: main features

methods of treating back pain

When you have low back pain, only a doctor can determine the true causes of this condition and prescribe a complete and effective treatment. Self-medication will help relieve the symptom for a while, but then the pain will reappear with unprecedented force.

The course of treatment is determined individually according to the diagnosis. At the initial stage, the patient may be advised to use anti-inflammatory drugs and ointments with a warming effect.

Treatment can be carried out, in particular, through physiotherapy procedures:

  • acupuncture;
  • laser therapy;
  • vacuum therapy;
  • manual manipulation;
  • electrostimulation;
  • pharmacopuncture.

Pain in the lower back can not only lead to a violation of normal life and the appearance of anxiety, but also lead to complex consequences and the development of serious pathologies. To prevent this, you should immediately consult a qualified doctor and strictly follow all the doctor's prescriptions. Bless you!